Transylvania

 

Transylvania, mostly known for its legendary character of count Dracula, is a historic land of Romania. It also has another, equally famous name – Sevenfold.

Location and population
Transylvania is located in the central part of Romania, in the Sevenfold upland. It is surrounded with mountains from every side. It is inhabited with people of various origins, but aboriginal Romanians are not much more than half of all the people. The rest of the group are minorities, mostly Hungarian, gypsy, shackles and German. In Transylvania there are a few larger cities, such as Brasov, Sybin, Targu Mures, or Kluz-Napoka.

History
The first settlers in this country was the tribe of Dacks. Dacia became a Roman province in 100 A.D. It became popular mostly thanks to gold mines. The Romans survived in Dacia for 200 years, and then the land became the place where various migratory nations, like Gepids and Slavic people were settling. The power was coming from one tribe to the next, and the last were the Hungarians. They were bringing peasants from Germany and Netherlands, which was an additional influence to the nationality mix. Around that time famous defensive churches were also appearing. In the following centuries the Teutonic knights, Turkish, Polish and Austrian people also made their impact on Transylvania. But the city didn’t actually get into the hands of Romanian people until 1918, and formally until 1920 thanks to the tract in Trianon.

Defensive churches
The iconic part of Transylvania are the defensive churches, which are located in many small villages. Seven of them is enlisted to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The rule of building it might slightly remind you of defensive fortresses. The churches were built on high hills and surrounded by defensive walls. They had powerful walls with small shooting windows. Behind the walls there were economic and living rooms, which allowed people to survive even the strongest siege. Most of the churches were built in gothic or baroque style.

Dracula
When most people think of Transylvania, they immediately think of Count Dracula, who isn’t entirely fictional. The inspiration for creating this legend was the real-life character of the wallachian husbandman. Vlad Palownik was the ruler of Sevenfold with short breaks from 1448 to 1476. The nickname “Dracula” came from calling his father the “Dracul”, which means the Devil. Dracula was considered the son of the Devil. He acclaimed his fame thanks to the propaganda used because of his politics towards the traders of Sevenfold. In order to get rid of the troublemaking ruler, people spread gossip about his cruelty, cooking people alive hanging women to the piles and nailing babies to their breasts. The gossips were completed with false letters, which sued the ruler for conspiracy.

Mountains
Transylvania is more than just architectural monuments and the legend of Dracula. It is also known for its beautiful mountains. The highest mountain range of the Carpathian mountains with its mountain tops of Moldoveanu and Negoiu is especially interesting. There you can find many shelters on the height 1000 and 1500 meters above the sea level. The mostly used hiking trail can be found on the upper side of the range.

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